In the last few decades, the textile industry has undergone several changes. The continuous rise in consumers as well as product varieties has brought many amendments to these industries. This compelled them to develop newer and efficient process of production. But, surge in production alone is not sufficient to handle the whole issue: the supply of raw materials plays a significant role here.
The chief raw material for textile industry is fibre, from which they manufacture different fabrics. Fabric is basically a soft and flexible cloth made up of a network of natural or artificial fibres. Previously, the fibres were wool, cotton, flax or hemp. They are weaved, knitted or spread to give different textures to the cloth. Nowadays, biotechnological research has found that corn fibres can also be put to use for making good quality fabrics.
- Why is the fibre good for you?
- Firstly, these fibres are made from completely renewable resources. Hence, they are completely environment friendly. Moreover, its availability is totally secured than the petroleum based products. Again, production of corn fibres are supposed to produce lesser greenhouse gases than that of petroleum products.
- Yet, these fibres are functionally comparable to the top brands of synthetic fibres. The researchers and developers assured that the functional quality of fibres is as good as other synthetic fibres.
- Apart from the functional aspect, wearing the cloth as apparel is completely safe and comfortable unlike the synthetic clothes. It gives a more natural feeling to your body, thereby helping to keep it fresh for a long time.
- How is it produced?
The manufacture of these fibres principally involves three steps, namely, Fermentation, Distillation, and Polymerization. Firstly, the dextrose of maize is fermented thoroughly. Then, these are distilled to get the pure fibre extracts. After this, the products are converted into polymers called polylactide, which can be spun into corn fibres.
- Significant aspects of the fibre
- Industries are able to make a perfect balance of strength, resilience and comfort in the fibres by decreasing the chemical additives in the fibres. This additionally makes less inflammable.
- They are available as both spun and filament forms. As a result, these fibres can be put to robust applications.
- These fibres have efficient moisture management power. Consequently, these are expected to absorb sweat and dirt, yet, producing lesser odour.
- Corn fibres are found to be highly resistant to UV rays. Therefore, it will not only prevent itself from getting bleached, but also protect you from scorching heat. Additionally, these fibres do not get bleached or damaged easily.
- Lastly, as these are derived from sugars, these can be recycled thermally, physically or can be used as landfill.
Conclusion- Biotechnological research has come up with a new source of the fibres in use. The new fibres are derived from corn starch and are as good as synthetic fibres. Moreover, it is supposed to decrease the use of petroleum-based fibres thereby cutting down the chemical hazards greatly. Therefore, this eco-friendly fibre can surely give your life a more natural outlook.