Leather & Footwear

Leather industry declined exports by 3% due to increased cow vigilantism


The leather export volume has reduced by 3.23% last year. The first quarter of this financial year has also witnessed a downfall by 1.30%. Despite the huge growth in the year 2013-14 by 18%, the rise in the cow vigilantism has resulted in a widespread fear among the leather industry suppliers.

More than 2.5 million people work in this industry nationwide. The majority of the working population in this industry is Muslims and Dalits. Almost all the violent incidents related to cow vigilantism in India has directly affected the families of this sect.

India’s export is accounted as 9% of the footwear production of the world and the 12.93% for the volume of leather exported. The contemporary ban on beef and cattle slaughterhouses has delivered a fresh blow to the leather industry and the poorest segment of employees working here.

The total volume of export amounted to $6.49 Billion in the FY2014-15 whereas the number shrank to $5.66 Billion in FY 2016-17. China, on the other hand, has show an increase of 3% in the exports increasing from $76 Billion to $78 Billion.

The cow related violence has increased from 3 in 2014 to 37 in 2017. Between 2014 and 2018, there were 90 significant incidents with 36 casualties and 296 victims in the entire country. The majority of the victims are Muslims and Dalits. 51% of the recorded incidents occurred in the states ruled by BJP and 11% in the states under Congress rule. The severe blow to the low income group might spark more incidents in the near future.

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