The temperature of the earth has been increasing at a rate of roughly 0.15-0.20°C per decade. This is due to the phenomenon known as Global warming and by the year 2100, it is estimated that the sea level will rise to be somewhere in between 0.5 to 1.5 meter above the current sea level. This crudely means that many coastal megacities will be submerged in the water by the end of the 21st century. While scientists are trying to tackle this problem in their own way, a scientist at Royal College of Art has successfully designed a textile that will allow people to breathe underwater.
This project is under studies and there are high expectations with the end results. Built by researcher Jun Kamei at Royal College of Art situated at London this textile can be regarded as something very innovative. Kamei had based his research for this textile by studying the dynamics of diving insects.
These diving insects, in spite of not having the necessary biological adaptations are able to breathe underwater by creating a pocket of air around their bodies. This textile created by Kamei also has the same property of repelling water molecules which allows the garment to create a coat of air in between the water surface and the human body. This barrier of air is supposed to supply the required air to the human body for respiration.
Although this textile is still under development and can't produce enough of a barrier to sustain human respiration as yet, it is highly anticipated that a breakthrough will be made soon and people will actually be able to breathe underwater.